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8. Conventions

As we’ve gone through the different components of creating a webpage, you likely have noticed some common conventions or industry standards for creating a webpage using HTML. Can you guess any of these?

Here are a few examples:

  • Some tags are self-closing, while others require a closing tag. Self-closing tags are called void tags, and are generally self-closing because you wouldn’t need or want to add another element within a tag. They also generally end with a forward slash (/) to mark the end of the tag.
  • Use lower case. While HTML is not case sensitive, it makes scanning the code easier, and makes it look more consistent.
  • Your code should be nested. This is not a technical necessity either—blank space has no meaning in html. However, this makes it easier to scan the code quickly, which is particularly helpful when you run into errors!

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