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Terms starting with I


ID is an attribute used in HTML and CSS to create unique identifiers. IDs facilitate fine-grained styling of websites by allowing us to select and access unique elements.

If-statements check whether a statement meets a certain condition, and are used to write code that “makes decisions”. They start with if followed by a condition which is evaluated to be either true or false. If it’s true, the block after the colon (:) is run. If it’s false, the block under the else: is run.

weather = "sunny"
if weather == "sunny":
    print("Bring your shades")
elif weather == "rainy":
    print("Bring your umbrella")
    print("I don't know what you should bring! I'm just a little program...")

An impact approach to doing ethical research is based on the assumption that all research has impacts and thus a researcher should be critical and intentional with what sorts of impacts they aim for or expect to result, and take personal responsibility for the effects of their research methods (source: Annette Markham 2016). Markham focuses on three levels of impact: direct impacts on people, the ramifications of (re)producing categories, and social, political and economic effects.

Inferential analysis are techniques geared towards testing a hypothesis about a population, based on your data set, such as:

  • Extrapolation
  • P-Value calculation

The input() function asks the user for an input. It prompts the user to enter input through the keyboard and saves it. This function enables programs to respond to user input. For example, it can ask for the user’s name and print the name The input function can take a prompt within the parenthesis, which it will use to prompt the user to enter the input. For example:

>>> name = input("Enter your name here: ")
Enter your name here: Filipa
>>> name

An institutional body (a designated group of people) that is intended to provide oversight, administrative support, and educational training to ensure that research with human subjects done by researchers of that institution complies with federal and state regulations, and university or institutional policy. Every university or research institution must, legally, have its own or an affiliated IRB.

An integer is a data type, like string, list, boolean, and float. It signifies any value that is a whole number. You can check if a value is an integer with the type() function, passing the value as an argument within the parenthesis.