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Terms starting with D

There are many different perspectives towards what counts as data. Some cites data as “material or information” for which “an argument, theory, test or hypothesis, or another research output is based” upon (Queensland University of Technology), while others critiques the understanding of data as “mere descriptions ofa priori conditions” (Johanna Drucker). Data, in our case, are subjective (because of our interests and assumptions) and are materials and/or information necessary to come to our conclusion.

A database is a collection of data that is structured to allow for manipulation.

Descriptive analysis are techniques geared towards summarizing a data set, such as:

  • Mean
  • Median
  • Mode
  • Average
  • Standard deviation

A collection which is unordered, changeable and indexed. In Python dictionaries are written with curly brackets, and they have keys and values.

The dir() method returns a list of possible methods and attributes of an object, such as a variable or string. Useful for seeing what kinds of things you can do with that object.

Discourses, per Michel Foucault’s theorization, are competing ideologies (or individualized groups of statements), constructed by people and institutions in power over time, that become dominant amongst societies of people. Discourses produce knowledge in mediums that a society perceives as normative and generally does not question; in doing so, discourses pervasively shape how the people in that society think, act, and react (see Michel Foucault, The Archaeology of Knowledge and the Discourse on Language, 1969).